Chocolate contains caffeine and theobromine, which are nervous system stimulants that can be toxic to dogs. The high fat content of chocolate can also cause digestive problems resulting in vomiting and/or diarrhea. The amount of chocolate needed to be ingested in order to reach toxic levels depends on your dog’s size, weight, age, overall health, and the type of chocolate ingested.
Dark chocolates contain the highest levels of caffeine and theobromine and are therefore a bigger risk than white chocolates. With proper treatment, most pets recover within 24 to 48 hours. If you suspect that your dog has eaten chocolate, contact your veterinarian immediately. You should also monitor the animal for:
| Excessive Panting
| Elevated Heart Rate
Seizures (in Extreme Cases)
Research has shown no ill effects from spaying and neutering your pet. In fact, the exact opposite is true. Altered pets typically live longer, are less prone to develop certain types of cancer and other health problems, and are less susceptible to infections than animals that have not been spayed
Spayed and neutered pets are also typically easier to train and less likely to exhibit undesirable behaviors including the tendency to roam and spray or “mark their territory.” Unless specifically interested in breeding your pet, it is the responsibility of every pet owner to do their part to help reduce the number of unwanted animals by having their pet spayed or neutered.
Although most birds do eat various seeds in the wild, they also eat a variety of other foods including insects, fruits, and leaves. Limiting your bird’s diet to only seeds is the equivalent of limiting your own diet to only one food group. The effects would be poor health, possibly disease, and can lead to an early death.
Currently, many formulated and pelleted bird feeds are available to address specific nutrition needs of your particular breed of bird. Your veterinarian or bird breeder can provide additional information and guidance.
Ferrets can contract a number of diseases common to both wild and domesticated animals including distemper, heartworms, and rabies. You should have your pet ferret vaccinated for canine distemper at eight weeks old followed by boosters at eleven and fourteen weeks of age. A yearly vaccination should be administered thereafter. Your ferret should also be vaccinated against rabies and be on monthly heartworm prevention medication as prescribed by your veterinarian.
Feline leukemia is a virus that only affects cats. The virus is perhaps the most common cause of illness and death in domestic cats and can be transmitted from cat to cat. It cannot be transmitted to humans, including children and the elderly, nor can it be transmitted to other species of animals including dogs.